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Saturday, September 28, 2013

Shqiptar Ghegs aka Albanians fake Illirians

The territory that today is inhabited by actual Albanian-speaking individuals has been populated since the Paleolithic Age.
Ancient DNA from the Europe showed without doubt that the so called Greeks and Shqiptars were not descended from Old Europeans. The Old Europeans overwhelmingly carried Y DNA haplogroups…..

Albanian speaking people can be divided into several major groups; Albanised Macedonians, the Ghegs and the Tosks (in the Balkan), Albanians in Greece, Arbereshe in Italy; according to the Albanian dialect they speak.

Albanised Macedonians 
A recent study on blood groups distributions, suggested that Albanians may be indeed quite different from other Balkan populations. (Susanne 1996)

Haplogroup I have been found very rarely in Shqiptars populations and populations outside the European continent.

Origin of the Shqiptars
The achieved results indicated that the Shqiptar population had lived in socially isolated groups.
It is possible to reveal their origin by following their genetic structure.

Genetically speaking, Shqiptars aka Albanians belong to the Y dna hg`s E, J and R1b.

We now turn to discuss possible causes and implications of these results.

It is found that other present-day Albanians may in part come from primitive Saharan stock. (Go´mez-Casado 2000)
The E-M78 people were fathered by Sudanese (Nuba and Masalit).

Haplogroup J2-M102 was observed at substantial frequencies in all Balkan ASP groups.
The J2-M12 Shqiptars were fathered by Iranians. (Broushaki 2016)


R1b

Ethnogenesis of the Shqiptars
During ancient times, various invasions and waves of immigrations occurred in the territories actually inhabited by Albanians.
Bear in the mind that their facial parameters show a Dagestan, Iranian, Kurdish, Arab, North African etc admixture.

The Y dna hg M78 is found at high frequencies in the sub-Saharan, Bantu-speaking populations, Romani people, so called Greeks and Shqiptars (aka Albanians); it was almost absent in blond Nordic populations.


V13...Gheg Macedonia 8.2 kya....Albanians 5.0 kya; Estonians

J2b Ancient DNA links Shqiptars (aka Albanians) to Caucasus populations.....Albanians 4.0 kya;  Gheg Macedonia 2.1 kya ...Cochin Jews....13–22 generations (470–730 years) ago..

Gheg Shqiptars in R. of Macedonia (71.2 %) are not part of lactose tolerant population that spread with dairy farming or peoples adopting pastoralism. (Saiti 2012)


J1 Armenians

Albanian people have a risk to give birth to children with CF higher than the rest of Europeans. ( Festini 2008)

Y Hgs E-M78 and R1b were associated with the spread of sickle cell disease. (Bereir 2007, Haber 2011) Legendary pharaoh Tutankhamen was probably killed by the genetic blood disorder sickle cell disease.
b-thallasemia and sickle cell anemia were found in about 7-8% in Albanians that are located in the provinces along the Adriatic and Ionian coasts (Babameto-Laku 2011); indeed, they don’t have maritime etymology.


Avars settlements have been found in Albania.


The Shqiptar (aka Albanian) source populations were at least in part already differentiated before their migration to Macedonian Peninsula and Italy.

Albanian people can be divided into two major groups, the Ghegs (in the North) and the Tosks (in the South), according to the Albanian dialect they speak. The Tosks fell well within the Balkan cluster, whereas the Gheg samples took an outlier position. (Ferri 2010)

Compared to all European nations, Shqiptars Ghegs (aka Albanians), are closest relatives to North African populations. (Ferri 2010)

Because there are lots of Albanised Macedonians that speak Shqiptar language, it is difficult to assume that there was a great Shqiptar (Albanian, Arbanas, Arnaut) ethnic core of several centuries ago.

The Albanian-speaking individuals (from Albania and Kosovo) descended from ~200 ancestors from 0-500 y ago; the high degree of shared common ancestry (inbreeding) among Albanian speakers might be because most of these originated from a small village rather than uniformly across Albania and Kosovo. (Ralph 2012)


Arbëreshë Shqiptars 
The Arbereshe represent an ideal link between Shqiptar Ghegs in Italy and Shqiptar Ghegs from Balkans.
The Y dna frequency and STR variation observed in Arbëreshë indicate that if the first Arbëreshë colonists came from Albania, they did not bring these Hg`s from Shqiptars.

I ...they were fathered by Italians.

The heritage of Ottoman Islam in the Macedonian Peninsula
Polish archaeologists discovered a fourteenth-century Turkish bath-hammam in northwestern (Gheg part of) Albania. link
According to the history, Ottoman rule in Albania began after the Battle of Savra in 1385; The last towns captured by the Ottomans were Shkodër in 1479 and Durrës in 1501.

Subsequent migrations of Muslim populations followed; the Roma minority first arrived to Albania around the 14th c. ad from present Bulgaria (Ferri 2010); in particular (starting from) the 15th century saw movement of (in several waves) Muslims to Balkan.

Albanian coast was strategically important place for Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire was Islamic in religion. Albanian ports were important places; from where some new crusaders could be penetrate into Islamic State.

V13
J1
M241
269*
L23


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Shqiptars Ghegs in Kosovo
Shqiptars Ghegs in Macedonia
Shqiptars Tosks in Albania
Arbëreshë Shqiptars in Italy

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Afro-Iranian 
with Cochin Jews
Romani people


match



with Armenians; Ethiopians



Albania may have been colonized by diffusion of groups in the North-South direction, and from Macedonia in the East, over a pre-existing Illiryan population. (Mikerezi 2013)
So, Turks needed new guardians-obviously, new tribe (originating from Ottoman Empire) was brought by Turks; it`s seems that after 1528 ad Shqiptar Tosks were imported in south, Shqiptar Ghegs were imported in north, mountains part of Albania.

Albanian mtDNA sequences show a clear unimodal mismatch distribution, typical of populations having gone through a recent expansion. (Belledi 2000)
There was/is enormous population growth (it`s starting 2-4 centuries ago) in Albanian speaking population in Balkans.

The first "undisputed mention of Albanians" in the historical record is during the Ottoman Empire. They were known as Arnauts (ارناود); old term used mainly from Turks.
The Arnauts (Shqiptars) imported to the Albania were classified as “loyal allies” of the Turks; the expansion of the Arnauts occurs only in the last 250 years, with the great help of the Turkish state.


The newly arriving Gheg and Tosk Shqiptars small groups did not enter an unpopulated space.
Even Napoleon Bonaparte writes about two different entities: The Albanians and Arnauts. (Gihon 1832)

Inbreeding
Gheg Shqiptars (aka Albanians) seem to be some of the most inbred peoples in Europe; looking at their genomes, they have the highest frequencies of within-country “blocks of ibd” (identity by descent) as compared to other Europeans which suggests that they are been inbreeding for a long time, too. (Ralph 2012)

Shqiptars are the legatees of long years of inbreeding, lack of education and foreign-particularly Turkish occupation. (Lucas 2007) ; there are three main inbreed clusters, one toward the North, the second in Central Albania, and the third in the South. (Mikerezi 2013)


Since the ban on marrying relations within the fis only applies to paternal relations, it could very well be that Gheg Shqiptars (aka Albanians) frequently marry maternal relatives-close or distant maternal cousins.
Bear in mind that in Gheg Shqiptar (aka Albanian) language little sister=motërz and sister=motër.







Shqiptar (aka albanian) Language
The Shqiptar (aka Albanian) language is a not separate branch of the Indo-European language tree.
Albanians are clearly different from all other Indo-Europeans linguistically. (Belledi 2000)


















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