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Saturday, September 28, 2013

Paleolithic


The new findings do not provide any evidence of how the people first came to Europe, but it is most likely that the first settlers arrived from the east, maybe along the Danube corridor. (Benazzi 2011Higham 2011)

In the Republic of Macedonia, the remains from the Paleolithic period (although rare) were found. The earliest dates were ranging from 100.000 to 20.000 BC.
Typical stone tools have been found in village Kristiforovo-Bitola; cave "Makarovec" near the village Oraovec-Veles; cave "Great Pest" near the village Zdunje-Brod.
It is believed that these stone tools have been made by Human ancestors of the genus Homo sapiens sapiens and some may been made by genus Homo sapiens neanderthalensis (Neanderthal man).
In both cases, they were of the same genus that almost completely reached the biological level of the modern Human.

The survey performed in some of the caves in Macedonia confirms existence of small communities from all Paleolithic phases, some of which are dated in the upper Paleolithic according to the material (Кузман 1995; Шаламанов– Коробар 2008).

In Aegean Part of Macedonia and south greece, remains of human activities dating from the Middle and early Upper Palaeolithic can be found in all kinds of topographic environments: coasts, plains, inner basins as well as hills and low mountains. Hills and mountains seem to be favored during the Upper Palaeolithic, but alluvial basins and high mountains are seemingly progressively abandoned (Rolland 1985, 1988). It points to a possible continuance of these settlements in the Mesolithic. (Naumov; Perles 2004)

During this period, the region of Macedonia had numerous forests, prairies, lakes and swamps, rich in flora and fauna. It provided a condition for hunting, fishing and gathering of wild plants, and thus the existence of this ancient people. (Causidis-Чаусидис)






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